Yoga Based Lifestyle Intervention for Improving Health and Personality

Latha Maheswari, Nagendra Hongasandra Ramarao, Tikhe Sham Ganpat


Background: Problems related to health and personality continues to plague many university campuses. Identifications, treatments, and interventions are often based on Western intervention, but there is a growing movement and evidence supporting the effectiveness, value, and usefulness of Eastern interventions to combat these problems. Yoga is one Eastern intervention that has been proven beneficial in promoting quality of life and wellness and can therefore make an appreciable contribution to primary prevention as well as management of lifestyle diseases.
Objective: To assess the efficacy of yoga program for improving health and personality among university students. Materials and methods: Sixty-six students (28 males and 38 females) undergoing 21 days yoga program with 28.03±9.38 years of mean age participated in this study. The study was organized in a university from south India with a single group pre-post design. The data was collected before and after the yoga using General Health Questionnaire-28 (GHQ-28) developed by Goldberg and Gita Inventory of Personality (GIN) developed by Das.
Results: The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS)-16 was used for statistical analysis. The statistical analysis of GHQ-28 showed 22.22% decrease (p=0.390) in somatic symptoms, 69.23% decrease (p<0.001) in anxiety and insomnia, 64.52% decrease (p<0.01) in social dysfunction, 35.29% decrease (p=0.099) in severe depression and 50.97%decrease (p<0.001) in all medical complaints. Similarly, the statistical analysis of GIN showed 56.06% decrease (p<0.01) in Tamas Guna (dull personality trait), 31.35% decrease (p<0.001) in Rajas Guna (violent personality trait) and 30.81% increase (p<0.001) in Sattva Guna (balanced personality trait) scores.
Conclusion: The present study suggests that yoga program is related with improvement in hearth and personality among university students.

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