Thermal Conductivities of PZT Piezoelectric Ceramics under Different Electrical Boundary Conditions

Husain N.  Shekhan, Erkan A.  Gurdal, Lalitha Ganapatibhotla, Janna K.  Maranas, Ron Staut, Kenji Uchino


Physical properties of polycrystalline lead-zirconate-titanate (PZT) changes according to electrical boundary conditions and poling. This paper reports the thermal properties of poled and unpoled PZT's in the poling direction for open circuit and short circuit conditions. The authors found that the short-circuit condition exhibited the largest thermal conductivity than the open-circuit condition. In the relationship between these two thermal properties, the authors propose the "electrothermal" coupling factor kκ33, which is similar to the electromechanical coupling factor k33 relating the elastic compliances under short- and open-circuit conditions. On the other hand, the thermal conductivity of the unpoled specimen exhibits the lowest thermal conductivity, in comparison with the poled specimens, which suggests the importance of phonon mode scattering on the thermal conductivity with respect to elastic compliance.


Ferroelectric; Piezoelectric; Thermal Conductivity; Thermal Diffusivity

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