The study on the self-cleaning property of hydrophobic polydimethylsiloxane/nano-CaCO3 coating

  • Amirul Syafiq Bin Abdul Jaafar UM Power Energy Dedicated Advanced Center (UMPEDAC), Level 4, University of Malaya
Keywords: calcium carbonate, dust haze, hydrophobic, polydimethylsiloxane, self-cleaning


Dust depositions always degrade the building’s value due to the growth of mold and fungi. Manual cleaning is required to clean the building glass frequently which is time-consuming and costly. Self-cleaning coating is an effective and practical way to reduce dust accumulation. Using the sol-gel method, this study synthesized the self-cleaning polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/nano-calcium carbonate (CaCO3) coating. The coating recorded the water contact angle (WCA) of 99.5° ± 0.5°, indicating the hydrophobic property. The embedded nanoparticles create air pockets that reduce the adhesion between water droplets and glass surface. The hydrophobic coated glass showed the self-cleaning effect where the coating achieves a low dust haze of about 32% at the sliding angle 25°. The water contact angle (WCA) of the coating system degrades to 98.2° ± 1.2°, indicating the coated glass can maintain its hydrophobic property in the real environment after 1 month of outdoor exposure. In comparison, the bare glass showed large dust haze value above 50% due to the dust accumulation impact.


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Original Research Article