Evaluating the efficiency of renewable energy technologies through thermodynamic analyzes

  • Yasin Furkan Gorgulu Department of Machinery and Metal Technologies, Keciborlu Vocational School, Isparta University of Applied Sciences
Keywords: efficiency, energy transition, environmental impact, innovation, integration, renewable energy, sustainability, thermodynamics


Renewable energy systems hold the key to a sustainable energy future, and at their core lies the pivotal influence of thermodynamics. This article comprehensively explores the fundamental thermodynamic principles that underpin renewable energy technologies, providing a robust foundation for understanding and optimizing their performance. In the context of renewable energy, temperature differentials drive energy flows, pressure and volume changes play crucial roles, and the conservation of energy is paramount. The Second Law of Thermodynamics, represented by entropy, guides the direction of natural processes within these systems. Exergy, a related concept, assesses the quality of energy within a system, facilitating efficiency evaluations. Renewable energy systems often operate on thermodynamic cycles, forming the basis for technologies like solar power plants and geothermal facilities. Heat transfer mechanisms, including conduction, convection, and radiation, are integral to these systems and influence their design and operation. This article summarizes these thermodynamic fundamentals in the context of renewable energy, offering insights into the principles that drive efficiency and sustainability. Understanding these principles is crucial for harnessing renewable energy’s full potential and aligning with global efforts to transition toward cleaner and more sustainable energy sources.

Author Biography

Yasin Furkan Gorgulu, Department of Machinery and Metal Technologies, Keciborlu Vocational School, Isparta University of Applied Sciences
Department of Machinery and Metal Technologies


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Original Research Article