A Novel Clustering Approach in Wireless Sensor Network Using Genetic Algorithm and Fuzzy Logic

Fatemehzahra Gholami Tirkolaei 1, Faramarz E. Seraji 2

Abstract


Wireless sensor network consists of hundred or thousand sensor nodes that are connected together and work simultaneously to perform some special tasks. The restricted energy of sensor nodes is the main challenge in wireless sensor network as node energy depletion causes node death. Therefore, some techniques should be exerted to reduce energy consumption in these networks. One of the techniques to reduce energy consumptions most effectively is the use of clustering in wireless sensor networks.

There are various methods for clustering process, among which LEACH is the most common and popular one. In this method, clusters are formed in a probabilistic manner. Among clustering strategies, applying evolutional algorithm and fuzzy logic simultaneously are rarely taken into account. The main attention of previous works was energy consumption and less attention was paid to delay.

In the present proposed method, clusters are constructed by an evolutional algorithm and a fuzzy system such that in addition to a reduction of energy consumption, considerable reduction of delay is also obtained. The simulation results clearly reveal the superiority of the proposed method over other reported approaches.


Keywords


Wireless sensor network; evolutional algorithms; fuzzy logic; clustering; energy consumption

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18282/ie.v1.i2.234

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