Advances in Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Modifi ed Grain

Changqing Cui


Atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) is a kind of controllable reactive radical polymerization method with potential application value. The modifi cation of graphene oxide (GO) by ATRP reaction can eff ectively control various graft polymer molecules Chain length and graft density, giving GO diff erent functionality, such as good solvent dispersibility, environmental sensitive stimulus responsiveness, biocompatibility, and the like. In this paper, ATRP reaction and GO surface non-covalent bonding ATRP polymer molecular chain were directly initiated from GO surface immobilization initiator. The ATRP reaction modified GO was reviewed, and the process conditions and research methods of ATRP modifi cation reaction were summarized, as well as pointed out the functional characteristics and application prospect of GO functionalized composites.


Watom transfer radical polymerization; Graphene oxide; Modifi cation

Full Text:



Brodie B C. On the atomic weight of graphite [J]. Philos. Trans.R. Soc. London, 1859, 149: 249-259.

Staudenmaier L. Method for the preparation of graphitic acid [J]. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft, 1898,


Hummers W S, Off eman R E. Preparation of graphitic oxide [J].J. Am. Chem. Soc. , 1958, 80: 1339.

Mkhoyan K A, Contryman A W, Silcox J, et al. Atomic and electronic Structure of graphene-oxide [J]. Nano Lett. ,


Gao W, Alemany L B, Ci L J, et al. New insights into the structure and reduction of graphite oxide [J]. Nat. Chem. ,


Dreyer D R, Park S, Bielawski C W, et al. The chemistry of graphene Oxide [J]. Chem. Soc. Rev., 2010, 39: 228-240.

Changqing Cui, et al

Krzysztof M, Xia J H. Atom transfer radical polymerization [J] Chem. Rev., 2001, 101: 2921-2990.

Matyjaszewski K, Tsarevsky N V. Nanostructured functional Materials prepared by atom transfer radical polymerization [J].

Nat. Chem., 2009,1: 276-288.

Paredes J I, Villar-Rodil S, Martínez-Alonso A, et al. Graphene Oxide dispersions in organic solvents [J]. Langmuir, 2008,


Lee S H, Daniel R D, An J, et al. Polymer brushes via controlled, Surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP)

from graphene oxide. [J]. Macromol. Rapid Commun ,2010, 31: 281-288.

Hossein R M, Vahid H A. In-plane functionalizing graphene Nanolayers with polystyrene by atom radical waste

polymerization:Grafting from hydroxyl groups [J]. Polym. Compos.,2014, 35: 386-395.

Mrlík M, IlcíkováM, Plach􀀀T, et al. Graphene oxide reduction During surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization

Of glycidyl methacrylate: measures electro-responsive properties[J]. Chem. Eng. J. , 2016, 283: 717-720.

Li G L, Liu G, Li M, et al. Organo-and water-dispersible Graphene oxide-polymer nanosheets for organic electronic memory

and gold nanocomposites [J]. J. Phys. Chem. C, 2010,114:12742-12748.

Layek R K, Samanta S, Chatterjee D P, et al. Physical and Mechanical properties of poly (methyl methacrylate) -functionalized

Graphene / poly (vinylidine fl uoride) nanocomposites: piezoelectric? Polymorph Formation [J]. Polymer, 2010, 51: 5846-5856.

IlcíkováM, Mrlík M, Spitalsk􀀀Z, et al. A tertiary amine in Two competing processes: reduction of graphene oxide vs. Catalysis

Of atom transfer radical polymerization [J]. RSC Adv., 2015, 5: 3370-3376.

Qi K, Sun Y M, Duana H W, et al. A corrosion-protective Coating based on a solution-processable polymer-grafted graphene

Oxide nanocomposite [J]. Corros. Sci., 2015, 98: 500-506.

Hossein R M. Surface-initiated ATRP of styrene from epoxy Groups of graphene nanolayers: twofold polystyrene chains and

various graft densities [J]. RSC Adv. , 2015, 5: 53357-53368.

Veca L M, Lu F, Meziani M J, et al. Polymer functionalization and solubilization of carbon nanosheets [J]. Chem. Commun

,2009, 18: 2565-2567.

Masoumeh N, Mehdi S K, Mahdi S H. Dual thermo-and pHsensitive Poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-acrylic acid)

Grafted Graphene oxide [J]. Colloid Polym. Sci., 2014, 292: 2599-2610.

Gil G, Paula A A P M, Ana B T, et al. Graphene oxide modifi ed With PMMA via ATRP as a reinforcement fi ller [J]. J. Mater.

Chem., 2010, 20: 9927-9934.

Kavitha T, Kang I K, Park Y S. Poly (N-vinyl caprolactam) grown on nanographene oxide as an eff ective nanocargo for drug

Delivery [J]. Colloids Surf. , B, 2014, 115: 37-45.

Yang Y F, Wang J, Zhang J, et al. Exfoliated graphite oxide By PDMAEMA chains and polymer particles [J].Langmuir, 2009,

: 11808-11814.

Hossein R M, Vahid H A, Khezrollah K, et al. Edgefunctionalized Graphene nanoplatelets with polystyrene by atom Transfer

radical polymerization Groups [J]. Polym. Int., 2014, 63: 1912-1923.

Peng K J, Wang K H, Hsu K Y, et al. Building up polymer architectures on graphene oxide sheet surfaces through sequential

Atom transfer radical polymerization [J]. J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem., 2014, 52: 1588-1596.

Bak J M, Lee T, Seo E, et al. Thermoresponsive graphene Nanosheets by functionalization with polymer brushes [J]. Polymer,

, 53: 316-323.

Bak J M, Lee H. PH-tunable aqueous dispersion of graphene Nanocomposites functionalized with poly (acrylic acid) brushes [J].

Polymer, 2012, 53: 4955-4960.

Fang M, Wang K G, Lu H B, et al. Single-layer graphene Nanosheets with controlled grafting of polymer chains [J]. J. Mater.

Chem., 2010, 20: 1982-1992.

Xu L Q, Wang L, Zhang B, et al. Functionalization of reduced Graphene oxide nanosheets via stacking interactions with the

fl uorescent and water-soluble perylene bisimide-containing polymers[J]. Polymer, 2011, 52: 2376-2383.

Song S Q, Wan C Y, Zhang Y. Non-covalent functionalization of graphene oxide by pyrene-block stocks for enhancing Physical

properties of poly (methyl methacrylate [J] .RSC Adv. 2015, 5: 79947-79955.

Rama K L, Arun K N. A review on production and properties of polymer functionalized graphene [J] Polymer, 2013, 54: 5087-



  • There are currently no refbacks.